Understanding Vertigo: Causes, Symptoms, and When to Seek Treatment

Understanding Vertigo: Causes, Symptoms, and When to Seek Treatment

Vertigo, a disorienting sensation of dizziness and imbalance, can significantly impact one’s quality of life. In this comprehensive guide, we unravel the complexities surrounding vertigo, shedding light on its causes, symptoms, and when it becomes imperative to seek professional treatment. Our aim is to empower you with knowledge, helping you make informed decisions about your health.


Vertigo is not merely a fleeting inconvenience; it can be a sign of an underlying issue that warrants attention. Dr. Shikha Rani Patel, a seasoned specialist, emphasizes the importance of understanding vertigo to pave the way for effective and timely intervention.

What is Vertigo?

Vertigo is characterized by a false sensation of movement, often described as spinning, tilting, or swaying. It can be triggered by various factors affecting the inner ear or the brain’s vestibular system. Understanding the root causes is crucial for receiving appropriate treatment.

Causes of Vertigo:

  • Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV): Linked to inner ear crystals disrupting normal balance signals.
  • Meniere’s Disease: A disorder of the inner ear causing fluid buildup and fluctuating hearing loss.
  • Vestibular Migraines: Migraines with associated vertigo symptoms.
  • Inner Ear Infections: Infections affecting the labyrinth can induce vertigo.
  • Injuries or Trauma: Head injuries can impact the vestibular system, leading to vertigo.

Common Symptoms:

Identifying the symptoms associated with vertigo is crucial for early intervention. Common indicators include:

  • Spinning Sensation: A false perception of rotational movement.
  • Nausea and Vomiting: Often accompanying severe vertigo episodes.
  • Balance Issues: Difficulty maintaining stability, leading to falls.
  • Nystagmus: Involuntary eye movements, a common sign during vertigo episodes.

When to Seek Treatment:

Understanding when to seek professional help is vital for managing vertigo effectively. Consider consulting a specialist if you experience:

  • Frequent or severe vertigo episodes.
  • Persistent dizziness lasting more than a few days.
  • Associated symptoms like severe headaches or hearing loss.
  • Vertigo triggered by specific head movements.

Diagnosis and Treatment:

Dr. Shikha Rani Patel employs a meticulous approach to diagnose the underlying cause of vertigo. Diagnostic methods may include:

  • Physical Examination: Assessing balance and coordination.
  • Vestibular Testing: Evaluating inner ear function.
  • Imaging Studies: Identifying structural issues in the inner ear or brain.

Treatment options vary based on the diagnosed cause and may include:

  • Canalith Repositioning Procedure (CRP): Effective for BPPV.
  • Medications: Addressing symptoms or underlying causes.
  • Vestibular Rehabilitation: Exercises to improve balance and reduce vertigo.

Lifestyle Modifications:

In addition to medical interventions, certain lifestyle adjustments can alleviate vertigo symptoms. These may include:

  • Hydration: Maintaining proper fluid balance.
  • Limiting Caffeine and Alcohol: Potential triggers for vertigo.
  • Head Positioning Exercises: Advised under professional guidance.


Vertigo, though disruptive, is a condition that can be effectively managed with the right knowledge and timely intervention. Dr. Shikha Rani Patel emphasizes the importance of seeking professional guidance for a thorough evaluation and tailored treatment plan.

Empower yourself with information, and remember, you don’t have to navigate vertigo alone. Consult with a specialist, understand the underlying causes, and take decisive steps towards regaining control over your balance and well-being.